The ephemeral capital of the Zand dynasty in the eighteenth century, this oasis of vegetation and culture is located in the southwest of the country at the foot of the Zagros Mountains. It is the city of roses, wine and poets, thanks to its writers Hafez, Saadi and Khaju e Kermani, who are venerated throughout the country and buried in Shiraz. In the centre of this citadel is the Fort of Karimkham, built in brick and stone and with a robust crenellated tower, seat of the power of the whole of Iran in the eighteenth century. An obligatory stop in the city is the 19th century Nasir al-Mulk Shiite Mosque, also called the Pink Mosque because it's interior is this colour. The prayer room has beautiful stained glass windows that divide the light into a thousand colours. Shiraz is a garden city and in Persia garden represent the earthly paradise, and are heavily linked to religion. The Palace and gardens of Naranjestan and Ghavam stand out, as do the Afifabad Garden that houses the Army Museum, the Delgado Garden and the Eram Botanical Garden, with palm trees, cypresses, ponds, roses, rose hips and a luxurious mansion at the centre. In the Vakil Bazaar, you can find bathhouses, marquetry stalls, ornate metal cups, tapestries, carpets, spices and fruits.